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y\ Resume of 
Two Historic Adventures 

Undsay C. Warren, Jr. 

Together with j. 


Friends on the Occasion of 
'oliniana Society Award for 20 1 1 


Number 50 
H. G.JONES, General Editor, Nos. 1-50 

This is the last number of North Caroliniana Society Imprints to be edited by H. G. 
Jones, founder and for the first thirty-five years secretary of the Society. The copy for each 
of the fifty numbers, beginning in 1978 with Edwin Gill's An Evening at Monticello, 
has been written and edited "in house" (initially with the use of a manual typewriter) at 
no cost to the Society except materials, printing, and postage. The drab appearance of each 
number — evidence that never a cent was paid to a graphic designer — is reflected in the growth 
of the Society's treasury, which otherwise might have paid for glitter rather than essence, thus 
countering the Society's motto, "Substance, not Show." 

H. G. Jones 

COVER PHOTO: Elizabeth II, original design by William A. Baker; plans 
completed by Stanley Potter. See text, page 1 1 . 

PHOTO CREDITS: Jerry W. Cotten, pages iv, 17, 20, 24, 31, 32, 34-39; 
Jan G. Hensley, pages 40-46; British Museum, pages ii and 14; United States 
Postal Service, page 13. 

Copyright © 201 1 by 

North Caroliniana Society 

UNC Campus Box 3930, Wilson Ubrary 

Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27514-8890 

Http:l I www, ncsociety. org 

All rights reserved 

Manufactured in the United States of ^America 

by Piedmont Printing, Asheboro, North Carolina 


The arriualof the Englifhemen 

in Virginia. 

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A. Resume of 

Two Historic Adventures 


Undsay C. Warren, Jr. 

Together with Addresses of Friends 

On the Occasion of His Acceptance of the 

North Caroliniana Society Award for 201 1 


Chapel Hill 27514-8890 

North Caroliniana Society 



The Afternoon Session 

As is the custom for recipients of the North Caroliniana Society Award 
for outstanding contributions to North Carolina's history, literature, and culture, 
Lindsay C Warren, Jr. delivered a public address in the George Watts Hill 
Alumni Center on the campus of the University of North Carolina at Chapel 
Hill on Friday, April 29, 2011 . He is shown below during his address, 'A 
Resume of Two Historic Adventures, " the edited text of which follows. 







J y 


A. Resume of Two Historic 

Lindsay C. Warren, Jr. 

Mr. President, Members of the Society, Ladies and Gentlemen, including 
members of my family and friends, many of whom have traveled some distance to be here 
this evening, I say good evening to each of you and thank you for your presence. 

To simply say that I am honored to be here would be a gross 
understatement. To be truthful, I was overwhelmed when President 
Whichard called me on the telephone in January to tell me that the Directors 
of the Society had chosen me to receive the Society's award for 2011. As a 
member of the Society, never had it occurred to me that this award would one 
day come my way. Those previously honored and recognized by the Society 
represent, in various and sundry fields of endeavor, outstanding citizens who 
have contributed much to the life and culture of our great state. I want you 
to know that I am truly humbled to have been chosen as the person receiving 
the Society's 2011 award. Indeed, my cup runneth over. 

At the outset of my remarks, I must confess I have struggled to 
decide what I should say to you this evening. I considered talking to you 
about my family — two wives, my three daughters, three step-children, 
eight grandchildren and five step-grandchildren. But that would take too 
much time, for I have been truly blessed by all of them. Then I considered 
speaking about my parents — Emily Harris and Lindsay Carter Warren, 
both now deceased. My mother was a remarkable loving human being who 
devoted her life to her family and our well-being. My father spent most of 
his life practicing law for 13 years, and 40 years of public service to his state 
and nation. Because I have completed writing a biography of his public life 
(reduced from 630 pages to 440 pages), now in the hands of a hoped-for 
publisher, I decided not to spill the beans here with the hope many of you 
will want to buy the book once it is finally published. 


Having ruled out my family, that leaves only me. Finally, I decided I 
should tell you a few things about my life, including my public life. As I have 
said to several friends, I dislike talking about myself. In doing so, however, I 
realized I can pay tribute to those who played significant roles in my public 
endeavors. In public life, none of us stand alone like an island. We are very 
much dependent upon others to achieve laudable goals. So here I go. 

But first a few words about the early years of my life. As many of 
you know, I am a native Tar Heel, having been born and lived my early life in 
the lovely historic town of Washington on the north shore of the Pamlico 
River, the home of several generations of my ancestors. My parents were 
both natives of that town, and I was born there in 1924, being the second 
of three children, my only sister, Emily Carter Warren, sadly now deceased, 
having been born in 1920. My brother, Charles Frederic Warren, named for 
our paternal grandfather, was born in 1925. 

One month after my birth, my father was elected to the first of eight 
successive terms he would serve in the United States Congress as a member 
of the House of Representatives, the beginning of 30 years of public service 
by him in our nation's capital. From the early years of my life, I was exposed 
to the teaching that public life is a public trust. 

I have fond memories of my young life in this small river town, 
the county seat of Beaufort County. A small village was in existence on 
the north bank of the Pamlico when, in 1776, it was named for George 
Washington, who at that time was serving as Commander-in-Chief of the 
Continental Army in the early stages of the Revolutionary War. Though there 
are now a number of towns in other states, plus our national capital, bearing 
Washington's name, it is the strong belief of the past and present residents 
of Washington, North Carolina, that it was the first one so named. We call it 
"The Original Washington," and there is strong proof for such a claim. The 
only serious and persistent challenge to that claim comes from Washington, 
Virginia, a town not incorporated as such until 1796, while George was 
serving as our first President, yet 20 years after Washington, North Carolina 
was named. The sole basis for the Virginia claim is an old survey map found 
in the mid-nineteenth century. It was a survey of a proposed unnamed town 
site surveyed and signed by Washington in 1749, when he was a seventeen- 
year-old surveyor. It is unbelievable that the Virginia town was named for 
him at that age when he had achieved no prominence or station in life to 
justify such a naming. Washington in North Carolina was established as a 
town in 1776, when it was first named, as the town was mentioned by name 
in both the Colonial Records and the Journal of the Council of Safety, which met at 
Halifax in September, 1776. Those historical facts were established years ago 
by Dr. Herbert Paschal, Jr., a native of the town, and a Professor of History 


at East Carolina University at the time of his premature death in the early 
1980s. The pomposity of those Virginians who continue to claim they were 
first with the name is not only unbelievable, but fallacious on its face. 

Speaking of George, one of my early memories is when the town 
celebrated his 200 th birthday in 1932. It was a big event. The schools prepped 
the students. The Chamber of Commerce sponsored several events, including 
a big parade on the birth date (February 22) with a couple of marching bands 
and floats with children and adults dressed in 18 th century attire. The town 
built a huge cement birthday cake with 200 candles located on the side lawn 
of the Beaufort County Courthouse. For children, it was a special time in 
their young lives. 

That's enough for now about the hometown. In 1 940, after serving 
for 16 years in Congress, my father accepted a presidential appointment 
from President Roosevelt to serve the nation as Comptroller General of the 
United States, the executive head of the General Accounting Office, now 
more appropriately named The General Accountability Office. Because 
the term was for 15 years, to strengthen the independence of the office, a 
decision was made by the heads of the household to move the family's place 
of residence to the other Washington. The move took place in the summer 
of 1941, notwithstanding the screaming and howling of the oldest son, a 
rising high school senior in love with a classmate — his future wife to be. 
So my last year of high school was spent at Woodrow Wilson High School 
located in the northwest section of our nation's capital. In the Fall of 1942, 1 
enrolled as a freshman at UNC, Chapel Hill, the size of its enrollment having 
significandy declined as World War II for Americans began in December, 
1941. At the end of that first academic year, I left the University to enlist 
in the U.S. Coast Guard, then a part of the Navy during war. I was first 
sent to Baltimore for training. Later, I was commissioned as an Ensign, then 
called a "90 day wonder." I was subsequently transferred and assigned to 
duty aboard the U.S.S. Wakefield (AP21), a troop transport with a capacity 
of 7,500 passengers. The Wakefield sailed many times across the Adantic and 
at times into the Mediterranean, returning to the United States after each 
trip with wounded or reassigned GI's, and often German prisoners of war. 
Following the unconditional surrender of Germany, the Wakefield was soon 
transferred to the Pacific area for service that continued until I received my 
orders for separation after serving 18 months on that ship. Returning to 
UNC in the summer of 1946, 1 received a B.S. degree in Commerce in 1948. 
My first wife, Grace J. Bowen, also a Washington, North Carolina native, and 
I were married in September and shordy thereafter, I enrolled in the School 
of Law. In 1951, I graduated, was licensed to practice law, joined the law 
firm then known as Langston, Allen & Taylor in Goldsboro, my home since 


those times. It is of interest to record that my younger brother Charles and 
I graduated from law school together in the same class, he having caught 
up with me in school while I was away during World War II. We are fourth 
generation lawyers in our family. 

While happily practicing law in Goldsboro, I made a decision in 
1962, with the consent of my law partners, to run for a vacant seat in the 
State Senate. I was earnestly encouraged to do so by my fellow Goldsboro 
attorney and good friend, William A. Dees, Jr., now sadly deceased. Thereafter 
elected, I took the oath of office as a Senator upon the convening of the 
1963 General Assembly — 48 years ago — wow. It was the start of a new 
experience, for thereafter I served in the Senate for four successive terms. 
During that period, and thereafter, two things stand out for me in the area of 
my public service. The first of these occurred while I was a state legislator. 
The second took place 10 years later while I was once again engaged full time 
in the practice of law. 

In 1963, as a freshman Senator, I became involved in an effort to 
reorganize the North Carolina court system. It all began in the mid 1950s 
when the North Carolina Bar Association, named and organized a committee 
to study and recommend to the General Assembly a proposed rewrite of the 
Judicial Article to our state Constitution. The Committee was composed 
of outstanding members of the Bar, plus several prominent lay citizens. It 
was chaired and led by J. Spencer Bell, a prominent Charlotte attorney who 
served three successive terms in the State Senate beginning in 1957. Later 
Bell was appointed, confirmed, and served as a member of the United States 
Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit, where he served with distinction 
until his death in 1967. Time constraints limit my ability 7 to discuss the 
work of the Bell Committee, as it was called, or its recommendations to 
the General Assembly. It is sufficient to say for now that a rewrite of the 
Judicial Article (Article IV) of our Constitution was finally adopted by the 
1961 General Assembly, and thereafter ratified in 1962 by a vote of the 
people. The constitutional changes were promoted by the Bell Committee. 
It should be said, however, that the major dispute in the General Assembly 
centered around certain recommendations proposed by the Bell Committee 
to be locked into the Constitution to achieve a more independent judiciary. 
In the end, that battle was lost, leaving to the General Assembly the authority 
and power to fully implement by legislation several of the more important 
changes mandated in the newly ratified Constitution. 

The convening of the 1963 General Assembly was the first 
opportunity to begin the implementation process. It was wisely decided 
not to start the effort without study and contemplation. After conferencing 
and discussions with several of my legislative colleagues, I introduced in 


the Senate a bill to establish the North Carolina Courts Commission to be 
composed of 1 5 members appointed by then Governor Terry Sanford, with 
the duty of drafting legislation for the full and complete implementation 
of the new Constitutional changes. I soon learned there still remained in 
the legislature some opponents or skeptics over the implementation process. 
Before my bill was passed and ratified, it was amended to provide that the 
15 members of the proposed Commission were to be appointed not by the 
Governor alone, but with eight other members of the House and Senate 
holding key legislative positions (four from the House and four from the 
Senate) — i.e., nine people to appoint 15 members of the Commission. 

Shortly after the 1 963 General Assembly adjourned, the appointments 
to the Courts Commission were made and publicly announced. I was one of 
the appointees. Soon thereafter, Governor Sanford requested me to serve as 
the convening chairman at the Commission's first meeting scheduled to be 
held in late June. I agreed to do so. At the meeting, the first business on the 
agenda was the election of a permanent chairman. The convening meeting was 
held in the State Legislative Building in Raleigh, where something happened 
that I did not anticipate. I was nominated and elected to serve as Chairman 
of the Commission, a daunting task for a green freshman legislator. Several 
of the new Commission members served in the General Assembly during 
the battle over constitutional changes. Clearly, they were more experienced 
and knowledgeable of the issues than me. Nevertheless, with firm promises 
of support from those present, I accepted the responsibility they had placed 
upon me. Later that day, during my drive back to Goldsboro, I asked myself: 
"What have you done? Do you have any idea of the time this commitment 
will take?" I would soon find out. 

The Courts 

The work of the Commission began the very next week and 
continued until the legislative implementation process was completed six 
years later upon adjournment of the 1969 General Assembly. At the outset, 
the Commission secured the services of Ed Hinsdale, a lawyer member 
of the Institute of Government's staff in Chapel Hill. He stayed with the 
Commission until our work ended, engaged in helpful legal research, the initial 
drafting of proposed legislation, keeping accurate minutes of our work, and 
a host of other tasks associated with the mission of the Commission. The 
Commission met, with exceptions, usually on Fridays and Saturday mornings 
in the State Legislative Building. All meetings were public, open to the press, 
and anyone else who wanted to listen. We held a few public hearings on 
some of the issues, and consulted with several eminent law professors with 


respect to a few of our proposals. 

What did the Commission accomplish? It drafted and secured the 
passage of legislation, which fully and completely implemented the new 
Constitutional mandates under our state's Constitution. The legislation 
proposed by the Commission was generally well received by the members of 
the General Assembly. Of course, much briefing and lobbying of members 
took place. Only a few committee or floor amendments were offered during 
debates in the House and Senate. No adopted amendment resulted in any 
significant changes to the Commission proposals — a gratifying response. 
During the 1965, 1967 and 1969 General Assemblies, the following important 
changes were made to the state's judicial system: 

(1) A second trial division beneath the Superior Court was authorized and 
gradually established in each of the then 30 judicial districts over a period of 
five years with uniform civil and criminal jurisdiction. Designated as District 
Courts, judges were elected in each of the districts during the implementation 




19 6 7 

to the 

North Carolina 

General Assembly 

(2) At the same 
time, upon the 
election of District 
Court judges, the 
new law abolished 
a multitude of then 
existing county, city, 
and miscellaneous 
other courts beneath 
the Superior Courts, 
each having different 
civil and criminal 
jurisdiction and 

(3) Once the 
District Courts were 
established in each 
district, the office 
of Justice of the 
Peace was abolished 
therein. Those 
officers, empowered 
previously by local 
legislation for 
the counties with 


varying civil and criminal jurisdictions, were compensated solely by fees 
charged litigants in the cases they tried. But in criminal cases, no fee was 
charged and collected unless the defendant was found guilty. Thus ended 
a travesty of justice. 

(4) During most of its existence, North Carolina has had only one 
appellate court — the Supreme Count currently with seven justices. The 
Courts Commission concluded that with anticipated population growth, a 
new intermediate appellate court was needed to meet probable increasing 
appeals from the decisions of the two trial courts. Constitutional authority 
for such a court was recommended by the Bell Committee, but rejected 
by the 1959 and 1961 General Assemblies. Notwithstanding that action, 
the Courts Commission proposed an amendment to Article IV of the 
Constitution authorizing an intermediate appellate court. The 1965 
General Assembly approved that legislation and following favorable 
ratification by the people, the 1967 General Assembly approved legislation 
sponsored by the Courts Commission establishing a Court of Appeals to 
be composed of six judges initially appointed by the Governor, with special 
provisions allocating appellate jurisdiction between the two courts of the 
new Appellate Division. 

(5) For the prosecution of criminal cases, the Commission recommended, 
and the General Assembly approved, legislation to elect District Attorneys 
for each judicial district to prosecute all criminal cases in the Superior 
and District Courts, with such assistants as may be needed. The District 
Attorneys, and their assistants, are full-time state employees, contrary to the 
old office of Solicitor, who then prosecuted the criminal dockets only in 
the Superior Courts as part-time state employees, free to practice civil law 
when not prosecuting. 

(6) Another important change to improve the administration of justice 
made by the Commission was legislation adopted by the General Assembly 
to repeal all statutes granting exemptions from jury service to citizens by 
the work they performed or the professions they served. Those special 
exemptions deprived litigants of a true representative cross section of 
the populations residing in the counties where the cases were tried. The 
legislation enacted, repealed all jury exemption statutes, declaring service 
on a jury to be a public duty. Today citizens summoned for jury service may 
have their service postponed to another term of court or excused for good 
cause by a District Judge assigned to hear such requests. 

(7) Finally, as required by the provisions of Article rV, the Commission 
proposed, and the General Assembly enacted, legislation to establish an 
Administrative Office of the Courts, with an administrator appointed 
by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. This important office is 


charged with the duty of administering the business affairs of the Judicial 
Department, including the preparation and administration of the annual 
budgets authorized by the legislature, and a variety of other duties assigned 
by statute and the Chief Justice, from time to time. 

The foregoing remarks represent a brief sketch of what took 
place in the 1960s to create and establish for North Carolina a truly unified 
court system. It resulted from the hard and creative work of the Courts 
Commission, and I wish to pay tribute to the members of that Commission, 
most of whom, I'm sorry to say, are now deceased. There are only three 
surviving members of the Commission — Judge J. Dickson Phillips, H. 
Patrick Taylor, and your speaker. Deceased members include David M. Britt 
of Robeson County, James B. McMillan of Mecklenburg County, A. A. (Gus) 
Zollicoffer of Vance County, Alex McMahan of Durham County, Wilbur 
Jolley of Franklin County, J Ruffin Bailey of Wake County, Earl Vaughn of 
Rockingham County, Eugene Snider of Davidson County, and finally the only 
non-lawyer on the Commission, J. J. (Monk) Harrington of Bertie County. 

Two final things about the six years we worked together. When 
we had disputes or disagreements on important issues, we kept talking. 
Eventually, through discussion, reason, and common sense, we found a way 
to resolve our differences. The end result was that when we took a vote 
within the Commission on the final draft of proposed legislation, we were in 
unanimity. Never was there a dissenting vote on what we recommended to 
the General Assembly. That's not easy to do with a group of lawyers, minus 

I recently reviewed the general statutes of our state relating to 
our unified court system. I found that the statutes enacted by the General 
Assembly during the 1960s are substantially intact as they were when 
originally passed forty-two years ago. The structure and organization of the 
General Court of Justice remains as originally proposed. 

The Quadricentennial 

The last of my public service opportunities began in late 1980, when 
I received a telephone call in my Goldsboro law office from then Governor 
James B. Hunt. The call came without prior notice. As the conversation 
progressed, Governor Hunt asked me to serve as Chairman of America's 
400 th Anniversary Committee, a statutory group composed of 14 members, 
10 of whom were gubernatorial appointees, and 4 ex officio members. 
Though I was generally aware of plans to commemorate the late 1 6 th century 
efforts of Walter Raleigh to colonize near our coast on Roanoke Island, I 
knew nothing about the Committee or its plans. Surprised over the call, I 


asked the Governor for time to investigate and contemplate, a request he 
graciously granted. 

Two or three days later, I received a visit in Goldsboro from Dr. 
John D. Neville, the executive director of the Committee. He briefed me on 
the activities of the Committee, and the status of its work. He also told me 
that Dr. H. G. Jones, a historian and a founder of this Society, had served as 
Chairman of the Committee from 1978 until 1980 when he resigned. So, I 
was being asked to succeed a distinguished historian to lead a group in the 
early stages of planning a historical commemoration — a challenging task to 
say the least. 

During Dr. Neville's visit, he mentioned that my father, who died in 
1976, had previously proposed a commemoration. I had a faint recollection 
of that, but soon discovered that after my father resigned as Comptroller 
General of the United States, he accepted an invitation to speak to the 
Pasquotank County Historical Society in Elizabeth City on May 4, 1955. In 
his address on that date he proposed a major historical challenge for North 
Carolina in these words: 

Right here at our door we have an opportunity to commemorate an 
anniversary unique in our history. The year 1984 will mark the 400 th 
anniversary of the first landing of the English at Roanoke Island. It was 
the dauntless spirit of adventure and achievement that prompted them to 
extend the domain — that indefinable spirit that has inspired man through 
the ages. Raleigh's effort was the earliest attempt at colonization, and one 
which ante-dated Jamestown by 23 years and Plymouth Rock by 35 years. 
This early effort should be observed in a manner fitting the occasion. . . . 
To do anything on a grand scale requires time, planning, dreaming, courage, 
organization and above all a vision. 

With that "bold vision," as his 1955 remarks were later categorized, 
how could his son, 25 years later, reject the opportunity to help lead a 
Committee whose statutory duty was one of "planning, coordinating and 
directing an appropriate observance of . . . the commemoration of the 
landing of Raleigh's colonists on Roanoke Island"? After deliberation and 
consultations with family and a few friends, including my law partners, I 
ultimately decided I should not reject the opportunity. So I notified Governor 
Hunt of my acceptance. Shortly thereafter, I met with the Committee for the 
first time at a meeting held in Greenville. 

At that meeting, I met and socialized with the members of the 
Committee, some of whom I knew. Those present for that meeting were 
an able, talented and diverse group, including William S. Powell, David Stick, 
Charles B. Wade, Jr., Mrs. Fred Morrison, Dr. Herbert Paschal, Lucille S. 



Winslow, Margo Tillett, and John E. Wilson. Others who would later serve 
included Richardson Preyer, Andy Griffith, a young Marc Basnight, Judge 
Charles Winberry, Jr., Robert Owens, Jr., and John D. Kennedy, Jr. At this 
point I should say that another member of the Committee called me on the 
telephone shortly after my appointment was made public. It was Paul Green, 
North Carolina's distinguished dramatist, author, and teacher. He thanked 
me for accepting the chairmanship, but announced, without stating a reason, 
that he would have to resign his membership. That was a major loss for the 
Committee. Sadly, a few months later, he died in Chapel Hill. 

It took a few meetings for us to become comfortable with each 
other, but by early June, 1982, we had established definite programs and 
goals. Prominently included were the following: (a) the decision to construct 
a ship of the type that brought the early colonists to our coast; (b) to plan 
an exhibition from the British Museum and Library of the famous John 
White drawings and other artifacts to be exhibited first in London and then 
in Raleigh in 1985; (c) to conduct an archaeological program with the two- 
fold purpose of locating the site of the "Cittie of Raleigh," and to study 


sites of early Indian villages; (d) to publish a series of books, pamphlets, and 
brochures relating to the history of the Roanoke Voyages between 1584 and 
1587; (e) to sponsor a series of six commemorative events, two to be held 
in England, and the rest in Dare County; and (f) finally to include all North 
Carolinians in the commemorative efforts by organizing county committees 
in each of the 100 counties. 

That was an ambitious agenda, one that required money. Before I 
came on board, the Committee had established the American Quadricentennial 
Corporation, a Section 501 c(3) non-profit organization. To raise needed 
private funds to finance our programs, we started a fund raising campaign. I 
served as chairperson with the cooperative assistance of Rich Preyer, Charles 
Wade, and David Stick from the Committee, plus several friends from the 
business community. Also, Governor Hunt lent us a hand. Ultimately, we 
met our goal by raising over $2 million. I should say at this point that the 
Committee employed Anne H. deRosset of Raleigh to manage the affairs of 
the corporation. She capably performed in that role, as she did as a valuable 
assistant to Dr. Neville. 

Because of time constraints, I must limit my remarks to two of the 
more visible events. First, a few words about the one that received the most 
early public attention — the construction of a representation of a sixteenth 
century sailing ship to be harbored at a new site in Manteo. One of the ships 
in Sir Richard Grenville's 1585 flotilla to Roanoke Island was the Elizabeth, a 
50-ton sailing vessel captained by Thomas Cavendish, with a mast height of 
72 feet and drawing eight feet of water. 

When I became Chairman, no definite decision had been made about 
building a ship. With the encouragement of Governor Hunt, the matter 
was pursued. I asked Charlie Wade, a native of Carteret County, to chair 
our subcommittee to explore the feasibility of such a project. Charlie finally 
agreed to do so upon the condition it would be a one person subcommittee. 
I finally yielded to that unusual request, and soon Charlie found a naval 
architect, William A. Baker of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 
who drew preliminary plans for the ship. When Baker's health failed, he 
recommended a fellow naval architect, Stanley Potter, then retired and living 
in Beaufort, who completed the plans and specifications. Bids were solicited 
and in June, 1982, a contract was awarded to O. Lie Neilson, a shipbuilder 
of proven experience from Rockland, Maine. The ship was built on the 
Manteo waterfront, and when completed was launched in November, 1983, 
with Carolyn Hunt, wife of the Governor, as sponsor, before a large crowd 
and a Marine band. 

As a permanent site for the ship, appropriately named the Elizabeth 
II, the state, under the leadership of Sara Hodgkins, then Secretary of the 


Department of Cultural Resources, acquired by purchase Ice Plant Island, 
across from Manteo, clearing the center area of the island for the location 
of a visitor center for viewing the new vessel. Also, the state built a short 
connecting bridge from Manteo, named in honor of Cora Mae Daniels 
Basnight, a Dare County native who acted for years in Paul Green's The Lost 

The second and final matter I wish to discuss are the two 
commemorative events that took place in 1984, the first in England on 
April 27, and then on Roanoke Island on July 13. Those were historic dates 
when Walter Raleigh on April 27, 1584, first sent Philip Amadas and Arthur 
Barlowe from Plymouth to North America with a mission of exploring for 
future English colonization. The date of July 13, 1584, was the date Amadas 
and Barlowe arrived on Roanoke Island to claim land in the name of Queen 

The Committee staff worked closely and cooperatively with our new- 
found English friends in Exeter and Plymouth, located in County Devon, 
and with other friends in London at the British Library. The Committee, 
with cooperative travel agents, also planned two itineraries for travel from 
the United States for those who wished to participate. It all came together in 
Plymouth on April 27, 1 984, on the Mayflower Steps fronting the harbor in the 
presence of Governor and Mrs. Hunt, Secretary Hodgkins, the Lord Mayor 
of Plymouth, the Royal Marine Band, and almost 1 50 citizens from the United 
States. The band played the national anthems of the two countries followed 
by brief speeches delivered by the Lord Mayor of Plymouth and Governor 
Hunt. And then came the unveiling of a marble plaque commemorating 
the departure of Amadas and Barlowe from Plymouth to North Carolina to 
explore and prepare for English colonization. The ceremony ended with the 
Marine Band playing the Navy Hymn. 

For the rest of that day and the next, we were royally entertained 
by our hosts, including meals for invited guests, plus a civic reception for 
all held in the Plymouth Guildhall punctuated by the great martial and 
patriotic music of the Royal Marine Band. The next night, the 28 th , the 
entire delegation dined outside of Plymouth at Buckland Abbey, the former 
home of Sir Francis Drake. On Sunday the 29 th , we left Plymouth by buses 
to Exeter for a special service at Exeter Cathedral in memory of the Raleigh 
explorers and colonists. From there we again left by bus for London. On 
the next evening, our delegation attended at the British Library the opening 
of the exhibition Raleigh <& Roanoke, where many of the remarkable John 
White drawings and artifacts were publicly displayed. On our last night, May 
1, the entire delegation attended a reception at the U.S. Embassy, hosted 
by the Ambassador to the Court of St. James, who failed to appear to the 



disappointment of his guests and the disgust of the Committee chair. The 
next day most of the participants returned home. 

The other 1984 commemorative event was held on July 13 as 
scheduled on Roanoke Island, starting in Manteo and then in the Elizabethan 
Gardens for lunch with our honored guest, Her Royal Highness, the Princess 
Anne. For the past four years, the Committee had earnestly endeavored to 
extend an invitation to her mother, Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth. Ultimately, 
we were told she would not be able to travel to America during 1 984. But the 
door was left open to invite another member of the Queen's family. And that 
turned out to be the Queen's daughter, Princess Anne, who finally arrived by 
air in Raleigh on July 1 2. 

Dr. Neville and his staff made the difficult arrangements. The 
Princess and her entourage lodged for the night at Morehead House in Chapel 
Hill, where a dinner with invited guests was held in her honor. The next day 
the Princess and her party were flown to Roanoke Island on a private plane. 
Arriving at Manteo Airport about 9:15 a.m., she was greeted by Governor 
and Mrs. Hunt and in a motorcade brought to Manteo where the original plan 
was for her to unveil an historic marker. Because of early morning rain, the 
unveiling was postponed until after scheduled ceremonies beginning at 10:00. 


Roanoke Voyages 


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The rain stopped before that time and the ceremony began with a procession 
of Boy Scouts from England and Chapel Hill, a color guard and a Marine 
Band from Cherry Point leading the way. The program started promptly at 
10:00 a.m. with the Committee chair presiding. The two national anthems 
were sung, as they were in Plymouth in April, and then Governor Hunt 
introduced Princess Anne, with a fanfare played by the U.S. Army Herald 
Trumpets. The Princess spoke a few words of greeting to the large crowd 
there assembled. Governor Hunt then spoke a few words on the significance 
of the 400 th Anniversary, followed by Secretary Hodgkins dedicating the 
Elizabeth II State Historic Site. At the end, Postmaster General William F. 
Bolger dedicated a new Roanoke Voyage postal stamp issued that day from 
the Manteo post office. Then the Princess with the British Ambassador, 
Sir Oliver Wright, visited and toured the Elizabeth II. Before departing for 
lunch, the Princess returned to the marker site only to discover that its wet 
cover had been removed. In good humor, and with a smile on her face, the 
Princess explained to the crowd what she would have done had the cover 
been in place. The marker inscriptions recited the facts about the Amadas- 
Barlowe expedition's arrival 400 years ago to the day, with other inscriptions 
relating to the 1585 Ralph Lane Colony, and the 1587 colony under John 
White, now known as Raleigh's "Lost Colony." 

With those details attended to, the Princess and her attendants were 
chauffeured to the beautiful Elizabethan Gardens on north Roanoke Island, 
where a nice lunch was served to her and other invited guests, after she was 
personally escorted around the lovely gardens. Thereafter, she and her group 
departed by air for Atlanta to catch a flight back to her home in England. 

Thus ended the last 1984 commemorative event. Four more events 
followed, the last one being on August 18, 1987, to memorialize the 400 th 
anniversary of the birth of Virginia Dare. Two things of importance need 
to be said at this point. In 1985, James G. Martin of Charlotte became North 
Carolina's new Governor succeeding Governor Hunt. Shortly thereafter, he 
appointed Patric Dorsey of New Bern as Secretary of the Department of 
Cultural Resources. Governor Martin and Secretary Dorsey became very 
much publicly engaged in the remaining commemorative activities, including 
the 1 987 return to England at Portsmouth and other places. Secondly a special 
word of thanks and appreciation should be given to Capitol Broadcasting 
Company (WRAL-TV), and its leader Jim Goodmon of Raleigh, for their 
special efforts and commitment to publicly televise all of the commemorative 
events, including the two in England. 

Finally, I end by paying tribute to my colleagues on America's Four 
Hundredth Anniversary Committee for their devotion and dedication to our 
work that began in 1978 and ended in 1987, a long tenure for a non-paying 


job. Sadly, eleven of the former members are now deceased. Without their 
talents and commitment to this endeavor, we would not have achieved for 
our state a worthy and lasting commemoration of our early beginning. In 
conclusion, I extend my thanks to all present here this evening for your 
patience while listening to my long address. 



Banquet Session 

Martin H. Brinkley, Master of Ceremonies 

At this point in our program, it is traditional to say something about 
the North Caroliniana Society. So, as is my practice on these occasions, 
I will say two sentences: Our passion is North Carolina and our motto is 
"Substance, not Show." This means that we do rather than talk about doing, 
and we seek service rather than publicity. For example, we did not seek publicity 
for this event, because we wanted it to be held in the presence of Lindsay 
Warren's family and close friends. 

Not all of you heard Lindsay's remarks this afternoon, but there's 
no need to ask for copies, because they, along with the full proceedings of 
this meeting, will be published later this year in Number 50 of our North 


Caroliniana Society Imprints series, a complimentary copy of which will go to 
you in the mail. For that reason, in choosing our speakers, we try to think 
of persons who have unique perspectives on our Award recipient and who 
can put into the public record (for that is what the Imprints will do) some 
aspects of the recipient's life that may otherwise go unrecorded. For Lindsay 
Warren, that is a challenge, but we are up to it. 

Ford Worthy 

Our first speaker is, quite literally, a lifelong companion and friend 
of Lindsay Warren, for they were born two weeks apart in the town that 
Tar Heels in the know refer to as "the original Washington" — the first town 
in the United States named for General George Washington. (Don't dare 
call it "Littie Washington," lest you incur the wrath of Beaufort County.) 
Ford Worthy's father and Lindsay Warren's father were dear friends and 
fishing companions, both politically active in Eastern North Carolina. Their 
sons, both of whom bear their fathers' names, were classmates in grades 
one through eleven until the elder Warren moved his family to the "other" 
Washington in 1940, when he accepted President Roosevelt's appointment as 
Comptroller General of the United States. I am hopeful that certain telling 
aspects of Lindsay's personality, as reflected in his friendship with Ford in 
those early years, will be revealed this evening. 

Ford and Lindsay enrolled at the University in Chapel Hill together 
in the fall of 1942 and roomed together in Steele Dormitory. Both left after 
a year for military service in World War II. They returned to Chapel Hill in 
1946 and roomed together once again, graduating in 1948. Lindsay went on 
to law school at Chapel Hill, law practice in Goldsboro, and a life so rich in 
contributions to North Carolina that we celebrate tonight. After marrying 
Lindsay's cousin Isabel nearly fifty-seven years ago, Ford worked in Charlotte 
for a time and then moved to Raleigh, where he established one of the capital 
city's best known and most respected real estate firms. Over the years he and 
Lindsay and their wives have remained the dearest of friends. 

Please welcome Ford Worthy. 

[Mr. Worthy's remarks begin on page 20 of this Imprint^ 

James Dickson Phillips, Jr. 

Born in Scotland County, James Dickson Phillips, Jr., grew up in 
Laurinburg and attended its public schools. He graduated from high school in 
1 939 and earned a bachelor's degree Phi Beta Kappa in 1 943 from Davidson 
College. After military service in World War II, for which he was awarded the 


Bronze Star and the Purple Heart, he entered the law school at the University 
of North Carolina, where he became Associate Editor of the North Carolina 
Taw Review and a member of the Order of the Coif. Phillips was a member 
of the extraordinary UNC Law School Class of 1948 and of the greatest 
law school study group in history, with UNC President William C. Friday, 
Governor Terry Sanford, UNC-Chapel Hill Chancellor William B. Aycock, 
and UNC Board of Governors Chairmen John Jordan and William Dees. 

Lindsay Warren first met Dick Phillips when Warren was a first- 
year law student in 1948-49. Phillips, who had just graduated from the Law 
School, was working for Albert Coates at the time as Assistant Director at 
the Institute of Government. Coates, in order to free himself up for the 
work of the Institute, sent Phillips over to the law school to teach several 
weeks' worth of the course in criminal procedure that Dean Henry Brandis 
had assigned to Coates. Phillips left Chapel Hill after that year to engage in 
private law practice with Terry Sanford in Laurinburg and Fayetteville from 
1949 until 1959. From 1960 until 1978, he was a professor of law at the 
UNC School of Law and served as the law school's dean for ten of those 

In 1978, President Carter nominated Dick Phillips to be a judge of 
the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit. I will be forever 
grateful to him for being a second mentor to me when I clerked for his dear 
friend and colleague, Judge Sam J. Ervin, III, nearly 20 years ago, and in the 
nearly 12 years since Judge Ervin's untimely death. 

Please welcome Judge Dickson Phillips. 

[Judge Phillips's remarks begin on page 24 of this Imprint.] 

Adrienne Northington, Emily McNair, and Grace Johnston 

Our last three speakers were once known as the "Little Warren Girls." 
Adrienne Warren Northington, Emily Warren McNair, and Grace Warren 
Johnston intend, I understand, to reveal something of the Lindsay Warren 
they know. Please welcome them with all appropriate enthusiasm. 

[The remarks of the "Little Warren Girls" begin on page 26 of this 


My Connection with Undsay 

Ford S. Worthy, Jr. 

First of all I would like to congratulate the committee who selected 
Lindsay Carter Warren, Jr., for the North Caroliniana Society Award for this 
year. Your review of Citizen Warren's record of service confirms what I 
have observed over a lifetime friendship with Lindsay. 

Actually, our relationship began before our births. Our fathers 
were close friends. Another good friend, Herbert Bonner and his wife, Eva 
(he was later Congressman from the 1 st District, and much later, they were 
the grandparents of Eve Hargrave Smith, who is here tonight) invited the 
Warrens and the Worthys to an oyster roast on New Year's Eve of 1923. 
Nine months later I came into the world (one week early) and two weeks later 


Lindsay was born (one week late.) 

The North Caroliniana Society is recognizing Lindsay's extraordinary 
contributions to North Carolina's historical and cultural heritage. In my 
remarks I want to touch on some of his early life experiences that were a 
foundation for those later significant contributions. 

Perhaps you don't know of his part in the field of drama in North 
Carolina. When our second grade class produced the classic play "The Story 
of Peter Rabbit," Grace Bowen and I along with most of the class played 
the part of cabbages. We were told to crouch on our knees and hold our 
cabbage hats high with the rest of the cabbages. Meanwhile, Lindsay, in his 
dramatic debut, played the part of Peter Rabbit, one of only two speaking 
roles. After Grace and Lindsay were married, she and I frequently re-enacted 
our cabbage parts, but Lindsay never would consent to be Peter Rabbit again. 
Many years later as he went on to orchestrate the three-year production of 
the 400 th Anniversary of the Roanoke Island colony, that early experience in 
the dramatic arts surely gave him a good start. 

In the 8 th grade, Lindsay and I were on the Police Junior Patrol. 
This required us to be at a certain corner forty-five minutes before school 
started so as to help younger children across the street. My corner was at 
Harvey and Second Streets. Lindsay did not have a corner. You see Lindsay 
was the Corporal. He wore a white Buster Brown belt as did the rest of 
the Patrol, but as the Corporal who rode his bicycle around and checked 
on the rest of us who had white badges, Lindsay had a red badge. I should 
have known from Lindsay's red badge that he was destined to be a leader. 
During Lindsay's distinguished service in the State Legislature, the experience 
he gained as a Patrol Corporal prepared him for making sure that he had the 
votes to reform the court system. 

It was in the Gay Guts band and the Boy Scouts where Lindsay 
developed his musical talents. Ted Haigler, who is here tonight, was a 
member of the Gay Guts Band, and he can attest to Lindsay's ability to play 
the saxophone. Lindsay and I and Harry Walker, also here tonight, were 
in the Boy Scouts at the Presbyterian Church in Washington. Lindsay was 
the bugler for Troop 24 until Tim Payne stuffed the horn of the bugle with 
peaches so when Lindsay got up early in the morning to blow reveille the 
sounds from the bugle were not in keeping with the expectation of our Scout 

In high school Lindsay became the center and the only sophomore 
on the varsity football team. It was not until years later that Coach Kelly told 
me confidentially that although Lindsay was a good center that he, the coach, 
selected the 10 th grader because he not only knew what he was supposed 
to do on each play but that Lindsay also knew what Bud Hassel, his star 


lineman, was supposed to do. After about the third play, Bud would get 
hit on the head and he couldn't remember anything. Just before Lindsay 
snapped the ball, he would tell Bud Hassel, who to take out. Again, that was 
good preparation for the rough and tumble of state politics. 

Time will not permit me to recall many other growing up stories, like 
dancing at the Dr. Pepper Plant, sex education on the school ground by Jim 
Greasy, the wreck at the corner of 5 th and Market and loss of a half finger, 
the aeration of Miss Corner's room, house parties on the Pamlico River, and 
I could go on and on. 

When Lindsay and I came here to College in 1942 some 9 months 
following our entry into World War II, neither of us asked for roommates 
but a mutual friend who worked in the housing assignment office placed us 
as well as another Washingtonian in #4 Steele Dormitory along with a boy 
from Palmyra, Don Harrison, who became our best friend. 

About a month following our arrival as freshmen at UNC, Lindsay 
and I pledged to join the Zeta Psi fraternity. From that point on we became 
soul brothers along with Bobby Kirkland, who is here tonight along with 
many others with whom we still keep in touch. 

After our freshman year and later during World War II, Lindsay 
served as an Ensign in the Coast Guard on a military transport and I served 
as an Ensign in the Navy on a fleet oiler. One time during our sea duty, we 
met in Norfolk on Lindsay's ship, the USS Wakefield. 

After World War II we returned to Chapel Hill on the GI Bill. After 
Chapel Hill, Lindsay started practicing law in Goldsboro, and I entered the 
business world in Washington, North Carolina. 

I was in Lindsay's wedding and he was the best man in my wedding. 
Since that time I don't think a month has passed that we haven't communicated 
with each other. Lindsay has always been generous in dedicating his time and 
his talent in solving problems for his law firm, his church, and the state of 
North Carolina. 

As successful as Lindsay has been in the practice of law, his real 
calling may have been that of historian. Isabel and I have been on many 
trips with Lindsay and Toddy. On our trips to Europe, Canada, Mexico, as 
well as in the USA, Lindsay has proved himself to be very knowledgeable 
about history, art, and government. One experience we had on a trip to 
Nova Scotia proves that his time in the Legislature paid him later dividends. 
One day we found ourselves in a rental car on the way to the Bay of Fundy. 
That is where the difference between high tide and low tide is in excess of 
thirty feet, much unlike the one foot wind tide on the Pamlico River. There 
was some construction work going on and we were behind some old codger 
(probably a year older than we) who was poking along and there were many 


signs that warned us against passing. As you may know, when Lindsay drives 
he often has a unilateral conversation with the driver in front of him. Several 
dmes he had told the old man to get out of the way and let him pass but 
oddly enough the other driver did not respond. After several miles, Lindsay 
passed and we were on our way. About an hour after we had stopped at a 
nice restaurant for lunch, we were back on the road again only to be stopped 
by a police officer called a constable. As the story unfolded, we learned 
that an all-points-bulletin had been issued throughout Canada for the car in 
which we were riding. A citizen had called the police to arrest us for having 
passed the old codger some four hours earlier. The Constable did not seem 
suspicious of us. After calling the Royal Canadian Mounted Police on the 
radio, he explained to us that he would have to detain us until he could get 
permission of the Mounties to either arrest us or release us. By then two 
Mounty police cars had appeared. We were extremely disappointed they had 
arrived in modern patrol cars instead of on horseback. Lindsay explained to 
the police that while serving in the North Carolina Senate he had read a study 
which showed that people who got a warning rather than a citation were less 
likely to commit the same offense again. Whereupon the Mounties released 
us with a warning and Lindsay promised to send the Constable a copy of the 

We then proceeded to the Bay of Fundy, but watching the tide rise is 
not as exciting as being detained by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. 

Eighty-six years of friendship equates to too many stories to tell 
here, although I am tempted to try. Let me end by saying that I am extremely 
honored to have had the opportunity 7 to be associated with Lindsay as my 
client, I as his client, and especially as a lifetime personal friend and confidante. 


The Greatest Generation 

J. Dickson Phillips, Jr. 

Our honoree today — Lindsay Carter Warren, jr. — is a member 
of the North Carolina branch of what Tom Brokaw has famously labeled 
America's "Greatest Generation." A sweeping designation that we, taking 
it as a point of departure for these remarks, should acknowledge is surely 
subject to honest challenge on historical-factual grounds. Think immediately 
of the very first generation whose members, at great personal risk, declared 
our independence from perhaps the world's most powerful colonial empire, 
then fought that empire's military might to secure the independence declared, 
then in an act of sheer political genius secured its existence over time with a 
magnificent constitution. Or think more recently of my favorite alternative — 


the generation immediately preceding Brokaw's: the parents who — despite the 
rigors and privations of the Great Depression and the anxieties and sacrifices 
of World War II — somehow largely succeeded in inculcating and passing on 
those personal and civic virtues that Brokaw extolled as the hallmark of the 
succeeding generation. 

But, to challenge the "Greatest Generation" label is merely to 
quibble. What is beyond quibble for our purposes here today is that those 
private and civic virtues extolled by Brokaw's estimate are readily found in 
the life, the affinities, and the good works of the member of that generation 
being honored here today. Lindsay has truly exemplified those virtues, all 
with a self-effacing, gracious dignity that has earned the abiding respect and 
trust of his fellow citizens and served his beloved State well in a multitude of 

Congratulations and well done, old friend. 


Ten Things We Teamed 
From Tindsay Warren 

Adrienne Northington, Emily McN air, and Grace Johnston 

Adrienne: "The Little Warren girls" — Emily, Grace, and I — just want to say 
what an honor it is to pay tribute to our father tonight. We are so grateful 
for this opportunity. Daddy has done many wonderful things for the state of 
North Carolina, for his home community of Goidsboro, and for his beloved 
university Growing up we knew he was doing important things but as little 
children we were pretty clueless as to what it all meant. To us Daddy wasn't 
a senator, or a leader, or a lawyer. He was just our Daddy. So, tonight we are 
going to speak to you about the way we know him best — Lindsay Warren as 
our parent. 


Emily: When we first read the book To Kill a Mockingbird, like most southern 
girls whose fathers were lawyers, we immediately recognized our father in 
Atticus Finch. Like Atticus, Daddy was a well-respected, small town country 
lawyer, a state legislator and the epitome of a southern gentleman. Scout 
describes Atticus as "feeble: he was nearly fifty. When Jem and I asked him 
why he was so old, he said he got started late, which we felt reflected upon his 
abilities and manliness. He was much older than the parents of our school 
contemporaries. Our father didn't do anything. . . . He sat in the living room 
and read." Oh my gosh, she was describing Lindsay Warren. He didn't have 
any hobbies. He didn't fish, hunt, or play golf. He rarely did anything around 
the house and the one time he worked in the yard to pull weeds, he got 
poison ivy and never returned. So, we were naturally crushed when Atticus 
shot that rabid dog, because our father had never even held a gun! Now in 
his defense, Daddy comes from a father who couldn't do anything practical 
either. Carl Goerch in his book Characters, Always Characters wrote about our 
grandfather, Lindsay Warren, Sr., and again I quote, "He always has been one 
of the most impractical men I've ever seen, so far as doing things around 
the house is concerned. Sam Mallison used to say that if Lindsay were cast 
away on a desert island, with a couple of cases of canned goods and no can 
opener, he would starve to death." Well, like father like son. The apple did 
not fall very far from that tree. 

Grace: When Adrienne, Emily, and I began to work on this tribute, we thought 
"What in the world are we going to say about Daddy?" We obviously realize 
he has achieved many wonderful and lasting accomplishments in his law and 
political career and in serving our state. But, WE would argue that the most 
important work of his life was being a parent and grandparent. He has many 
abilities that we might not have recognized as children, but recognize today. 
There are many ways he influenced and shaped our lives, and we'd like to 
share them with you. So here are: (drum roll!) 

"The Top Ten Things We've Learned from Lindsay Warren" 

Grace: Number 10: To Be World Travelers. Dad has traveled the world 
many times over and is a charter member of the Goldsboro Travel Club 
(many of whom have traveled here tonight). His love for travel began when 
he served in the Coast Guard during World War II and continued when he 
and Mom took their first overseas trip to Spain with the Bar Association. 
That trip began his thirst for travel, and he and Toddy are still traveling. On 
their last trip this past September, he drove 1,200 miles in England! You all 
know what a memory he has. Well, our first clue about his steel trap mind 
was when we took a two-week trip to New England. (He was actually going 


to drive us in a Winnebago, but Mom wisely ruled that out). From Mystic 
Seaport to Boston to Dartmouth, he lectured us on every historical fact. 
And, if you have ever traveled with him, you know what we are talking about. 
But, the beaut\ T of it all is to see how much he loves to travel, loves to learn, 
and loves to teach. And we were the beneficiaries of that. 

Adrienne: Number 9: An Appreciation of History. Dad loves to read, but 
he is not a fiction man. If you ask him what's on his bedside table, he will 
likely respond with one of three answers — a 500-page biography on Winston 
Churchill, an 800-page account of the batdes of World War I, or a 900-page 
narrative of some British monarch. Dad, maybe one day that 1,000-page 
biography that you have been writing since retirement will be on your bed 
stand! When Dad is engrossed in reading, he has this amazing ability to tune 
everyone and everything out. I guess he learned this as self-preservation 
from having three daughters. Much to our children's irritation, he passed 
this trait along to the three of us! Anyway, Dad has always believed that past 
events can give us valuable insights to future events. When we have been 
distraught over a Republican landslide or loss to "Dook," he wisely says "the 
pendulum will always swing back"; thank goodness, he is always right! 

Emily: Number 8: To Be a Yellow Dog Democrat. Politics has always 
played a strong role in the Warren family, and Dad passed along his yellow 
dog political genes to the three of us. We share many fond memories from 
our childhood of him serving in the State Senate and running Pat Taylor's 
gubernatorial campaign. There were a few perks along the way too. We met 
a lot of awfully nice people and when Governor Scott came to our house 
in Goldsboro, he let us ride around the neighborhood in his limousine. But 
there was a downside as well. WTien Adrienne was four or five she saw Dad 
on TV and asked Momma, "Are we going to have two Daddy's now?" He 
served for eight years in the State Senate but recognized that it was taking 
valuable time away from his family and, instead of climbing the political 
ladder, he came home to us. This decision was totally about his family, and 
he recognized that we ALL needed him at home. And for that we will always 
be eternally grateful. 

Grace: Number 7: To Appreciate Music. Music has always been a big part 
of Dad's life. His mother Emily was the organist at the Methodist Church 
and played at the Turnage Theater for the silent movies. She instilled in him 
a lifelong love of music. As a teenager he and his friends and his brother had 
a band called "The Gay Guts." Dad was their saxophonist, but his career was 
tragically cut short by a car accident that took his right pinky and ended his 
dreams of being the next great sax player. Some of our fondest memories 


were on Saturday nights. We'd cook steaks on the grill, and Daddy would 
put a stack of records on the stereo (that tells our age). As we would listen 
to Herb Alpert and the Tijuana Brass, Carol King, James Taylor, and Burt 
Bacharach, he would stand in front of the speakers conducting the orchestras 
like he was Dr. Benjamin Swalin. Our good friend Bill Kemp (whose wife 
Betty is here tonight) got wind of this secret passion and in 1969 arranged 
for Daddy to conduct one number with the North Carolina Symphony when 
it came to Goldsboro. We have to believe it was one of the highlights of 
his life! Classical music is the only type of music he listens to today but his 
love of music — whatever genre — has been passed along to us and to his 

Adrienne: Number 6: Love of the Ocean. Daddy has loved the beach, 
especially the Outer Banks, all of his life. As a little boy, he and his family 
spent many happy summers at Nags Head and on Ocracoke Island. He has 
passed that love down to us and it has become a family tradition. It started 
when we were litde and would go to Nags Head to stay at the Croatan Inn 
with the entire Warren family. It continues today when our whole family 
spends a week at the beach every summer. These vacations are a time when 
Dad totally relaxes. Our memories include long walks and early morning 
swims in the frigid water. It always was and is a highlight to see "the great 
white whale" floating in the ocean. We eat tons of wonderful seafood and 
play lots of silly games. Whether it's playing charades or the grandchildren's 
favorite game, Family, or learning how to dance to rap music with John and 
Gray, Daddy is always a great sport. 

Emily: Number 5: To Be a Carolina Fan. If ANY family was "Tar Heel 
born and Tar Heel bred," it would be ours. Most of you think of Daddy as 
this calm, gende, thoughtful man. Well, clearly you have never witnessed 
the "Mr. Hyde" that comes out while watching UNC athletics. One of our 
first memories of Daddy was during a Carolina basketball game, when he 
jumped up, screamed and cut his head on the chandelier. It scared us nearly 
to death. He very rarely cusses, except when he watches a Carolina sporting 
event. One of his favorite expressions — usually during a Carolina football 
game — is "Damn it, the offense is just impotent!" When watching basketball 
games, poor Momma usually had to flee to the kitchen to listen to it on the 
radio. And when he married Toddy, I know she thought, "What in the world 
have I gotten myself into?" when she first witnessed Mr. Hyde. So, as all of 
you are very much aware, every single one of his children and grandchildren 
bleed Carolina Blue! 

Grace: Number 4: To Do Your Duty. Service to his state, his community, and 


his church has always been in Dad's DNA. It was what you were supposed to 
do. Whether running for the State Senate, leading the Warren Commission, 
chairing the 400 th anniversary, or just being Mr. First Presbyterian Church, 
Daddy has always served others. He has never looked for recognition or 
rewards. As a matter of fact, the only way we found out about this award 
tonight was through Martin Brinkley. Even though none of us followed in 
his footsteps in the political arena, we all have a strong desire to serve our 
communities in our own way. 

Adrienne: Number 3: A sense of Integrity. If you told us that we could 
only use one word to describe Daddy, it would be the word integrity. We 
think it truly summarizes the type of man he is. As children we watched and 
learned as he approached every task with a hyper-sense of responsibility. His 
actions taught us to always tell the truth, no matter how hard, and to always 
try and do the right thing. We believe humility 7 is a part of integrity, and it's 
the part of him that we respect the most. Emily, Grace, and I would like to 
think we have come close to following in his very large footsteps. 

Emily: Number 2: To Be a Loyal Friend. What we want to say to you, 
Daddy, is "Look around the room at all the friends you've got!" And it is 
because all of your life you have been such a true and devoted friend. Really, 
look around. Each person in this room represents friendships from every 
part of your life: from your childhood in Washington, from your Carolina 
undergraduate and law school days, from Goldsboro, from Raleigh, from 
First Presbyterian, from the legal community. You have taught Adrienne, 
Grace, and me the value and importance of being a steadfast and loyal friend. 

Adrienne: Number 1: To Love Family. Ultimately, family is the most 
important thing to Dad. He has the ability to love deeply, completely, and 
forever. He had a 50 year relationship with the love of his life, our mother, 
Grace. Then, he was so lucky to find love again with Toddy, now for more 
than 20 years. 

Emily: Daddy has always given his unconditional love to the three of us and 
our husbands, Jim, Parham, and Randy; to his step children Bob, Mary Todd, 
and Jule; their spouses Jeanne and Laurel; and finally his 14 grandchildren/ 
step-grandchildren. When Lindsay Warren loves you, he loves you completely 
and forever. 

Grace: How lucky are we to have had this man as our father? To us he is not 
the politician, the lawyer, the leader, the trusted advisor; to us he is just simply 
our daddy who loves us and we love him. And like Scout and Jem in To Kill a 
Mockingbird, we realized along the way that he is something special. 

Presentation of the Award 

Willis P. Whichard 

In presenting the North Caroliniana Society Award for 2011, 
President Willis P. Whichard thanked Senator Warren for his afternoon 
address and for permitting the Society to honor itself by recognizing his 
outstanding career and contributions to North Carolina. He pointed to a 
picture of the master award trophy, which is on permanent display in the 
North Carolina Collection Reading Room in Wilson Library, and presented 
a simple sterling tumbler engraved with the name of the award, the name of 
the recipient, and the year. 

Acceptance of the Award 

Lindsay C. Warren, Jr. 

Senator Warren graciously accepted the North Caroliniana Society 
Award for 20 11 and expressed his appreciation for the presence of members 
of his family and many of his friends, neighbors, and professional colleagues. 







(Random Snapshots 








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H. G. Jones, General Editor, Numbers 1-50 

No. 1 . An Evening at Monticello: An Essay in Reflection (1 978) 

by Edwin M. Gill 

No. 2. The Paul Green I Know (1 978) 

by Elizabeth Lay Green 

No. 3. The Albert Coates I Know (1 979) 

by Gladys Hall Coates 

No. 4. The Sam Ervin I Know (1 980) 

by Jean Conyers Ervin 

No. 5. Sam Ragan (1981) 

by Neil Morgan 

No. 6. Thomas Wolfe of North Carolina (1982) 

edited by H. G. Jones 

No. 7. Gertrude Sprague Carraway (1982) 

by Sam Ragan 

No. 8. John Fries Blair (1983) 

by Margaret Blair McCuiston 

No. 9. William Clyde Friday and Ida Howell Friday (1984) 

by Georgia Carroll Kyser and William Brandey Avcock 

No. 10. William S. Powell, Historian (1985) ' 

by David Stick and William C. Friday 

No. 1 1 . "Gallantry Unsurpassed" (1985) 

edited by Archie K. Davis 

No. 12. Mary and Jim Semans, North Carolinians (1986) 

by W Kenneth Goodson 

No. 13. The High Water Mark (1986) 

edited by Archie K. Davis 

No. 1 4. Raleigh and Quinn: The Explorer and His Boswell (1 987) 

edited by H. G. Jones 

No. 15. A Half Century in Coastal History (1987) 

by David Stick 

No. 16. Thomas Wolfe at Eighty-seven (1988) 

edited by H. G Jones 

No. 17. A Third of a Century in Senate Cloakrooms (1988) 

by William McWhorter Cochrane 

No. 1 8. The Emtna Neal Morrison I Know (1 989) 

by Ida Howell Friday 

No. 19. Thomas Wolfe's Composition Books (1990) 

edited by Alice R. Cotten 

No. 20. My Father, Burke Davis (1990) 

by Angela Davis-Gardner 

No. 21. A Half Century with Rare Books (1991) 

by Lawrence E London 

No. 22. Frank H Kenan: An Appreciation (1992) 

edited by Archie K. Davis 

No. 23. Growing Up in North Carolina, by Charles Kuralt, and 

The Uncommon Eaureate, by Wallace H. Kuralt (1993) 

No. 24. Chancellors Extraordinary: J. Carlyle Sitterson and EeRoy T Walker (1995) 

by William C. Friday and Willis P. Whichard 

No. 25. Historical Consciousness in the Early Republic (1995) 

edited by H. G. Jones 

No. 26. Sixty Years with a Camera (1996) 

by Hugh M. Morton 

No. 27. William Gaston as a Public Man (1 997) 

by John L. Sanders 

No. 28. William P. Camming and the Study of Cartography (1998) 

edited by Robert Cumming 

No. 29. My Love Affair with Carolina (1998) 

by Doris Waugh Betts 

No. 30. A Single but Huge Distinction (1999) 

by Reynolds Price 

No. 3 1 . Richard Jenrette s Adventures in Historic Preservation (2000) 

edited by H. G. Jones 

No. 32. Sketches in North Carolina USA 1872 to 1878 (2001) 

by Mortimer O. Heath; edited by H. G. Jones 

No. 33. Roots and Branches' (2001) 

by W'ilma Dykeman 

No. 34. Glimmers in the Gloaming (2002) 

by Frank Borden Hanes Sr. 

No. 35. Coming of Age in North Carolina's Fifth Century, by Maxine Swalin, and 

The North Carolina Symphony, The Peoples Orchestra, by John L. Humber (2003) 

No. 36. Reflections (2004)' ' 

by W Trent Ragland, Jr. 

No. 37. Photographers in North Carolina: The First Century, 1842-1941 (2004) 

Essays by Stephen E. Massengill, H. G.Jones, Jesse R. Lankford 

No. 38. North Carolina Conundrum (2005) 

by John Hope Franklin 

No. 39. Poetical Geography of North Carolina (1887; 2006) 

by Needham Bryan Cobb 

No. 40. The Goodliest Laud (2006) 

by Bern- Ray McCain 

No. 41. Hayes: The Plantation, Its People, and Their Papers (2007) 

by John G. Zehmer Jr. 

No. 42. ' Center of the Universe (2007) 

by Fred Chappell 

No. 43. William B. Aycock Our Champion (2007) 

by Judith W W'egner 

No. 44. Nathaniel Macon of North Carolina (2008) 

by WilliamS. Price Jr. 

No. 45. Robert Scott and the Preservation of North Carolina History (2009) 

by H. G. Jones 

No. 46. A Historic Occasion (2009) 

by Shirley Taylor Frye and Henry E. Frye 

No. 47. Surprise of the Century (2009) 

by James E. Holshouser Jr. 

No. 48. The Colonial Records of North Carolina (2010) 

edited by William S. Price Jr. 

No. 49. The Grandfathers (2010) 

by Bland Simpson 

No. 50. A Resume of Two Historic Adventures (2011) 

by Lindsay C. Warren Jr. 

The North Caroliniana Society 

Wilson Library, Campus Box 3930 
Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27514-8890 

Telephone (91 9) 962-1 172;; 

Chartered on 11 September 1975 as a private nonprofit corporation under provisions of Chapter 55A 
of the General Statutes of North Carolina, the North Caroliniana Society is dedicated to the promotion of increased 
knowledge and appreciation of North Carolina's heritage through the encouragement of scholarly research and 
wilting in and teaching of state and local history, literature, and culture; publication of documentary materials, 
including the limited-edition North Caroliniana Society Imprints and North Caroliniana Society Keepsakes, sponsorship of 
professional and lay conferences, seminars, lectures, and exhibitions; commemoration of historic events, including 
sponsorship of markers and plaques; and through assistance to the North Carolina Collection of UNC-Chapel Hill 
and other cultural organizations with kindred objectives. The Society is administered by an entirely volunteer staff 
and a motto of "Substance, not Show." 

Founded by H. G. Jones and incorporated by Jones, William S. Powell, and Louis M. Connor, Jr., who soon 
were joined by a distinguished group of North Carolinians, the Society was limited to a hundred members for the 
first decade. It elects from time to time additional individuals meeting its strict critenon of "adjudged performance" 
in service to their state's culture — i.e., those who have demonstrated a continuing interest in and support of the 
historical, literary, and cultural hentage of North Carolina. The Society, a tax-exempt organization under provisions 
of Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, expects continued service from its members, and for its programs 
it depends upon the contributions, bequests, and devises of its members and friends. Its IRS number is 56-1 119848. 
The Society administers a fund, given in 1987 by the Research Triangle Foundation in honor of its retiring board 
chairman and the Society's longtime president, from which more than 300 Archie K. Davis Fellowships have been 
awarded for research in North Carolina's histoncal and cultural resources. The Society also sponsors the North 
Caroliniana Book Award, recognizing a book that best captures the essence of North Carolina; the William Stevens 
Powell Award to a senior student who has contnbuted most to an understanding of the history and traditions of The 
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; and the H. G. Jones North Carolina History Pnzes for winners in the 
National History Day competition. 

A highlight of the Society's year is the presentation of the North Caroliniana Society Award to an individual 
or organization for long and distinguished service in the encouragement, production, enhancement, promotion, and 
preservation of North Caroliniana. Starting with Paul Green, the Society has recognized Albert Coates, Sam J. Ervm 
Jr., Sam Ragan, Gertrude S. Carraway, John Fries Blair, William and Ida Fnday, William S. Powell, Mary and James 
Semans, David Stick, William M. Cochrane, Emma Neal Morrison, Burke Davis, Lawrence F. London, Frank H. 
Kenan, Charles Kuralt, Archie K. Davis, H. G. Jones, J. Carlyle Sitterson, Leroy T Walker, Hugh M. Morton, John L. 
Sanders, Dons Belts, Reynolds Price, Richard H. Jenrette, Wilma Dykeman, Frank Borden Hanes Sr., Maxrne Swalm, 
Elizabeth Vann Moore, W Trent Ragland Jr., W Dallas Herring, John Hope Franklin, Betty Ray McCain, Joseph F 
Steelman, William B. Aycock, Fred Chappell, Henry E. and Shirley T Frye, Robert W and Jessie Rae Scott, James E. 
Holshouser Jr., Bland Simpson, Lindsay C. Warren Jr., and, on its sesquicentenmal, the North Carolina Collection. 


Willis P. Whichard, President 

H. David Bruton, Vice-President, Martin H. Brinkley, Secretaiy '-Treasurer 

Timothy B. Burnett, James W Clark Jr., Dana Borden Lacy, Nancy Cobb Lilly 

Dannye Romine Powell, W Trent Ragland Jr., John L. Sanders, 

Bland Simpson, Thomas E. Terrell Jr. 

Ex Officio: Archives and History Director, North Carolina Collection Curator 

Archie K. Davis (1911-1998), William C. Fnday, William S. Powell, Presidents Ementi 

H. G Jones, Secretary-Treasurer Emeritus 

Kevin Cherry, Frank Borden Hanes Sr., William D Snider, Directors Emeriti 

Recipients of the 
North Caroliniana Society Award 


>'" Noun; CAIIOJ.IM^ 
»ISTl>«v AMI C-i;J.n-« 

■ Paul Green 
Albert Coates . 


Hugh MacRae Morton 


John L. Sanders 


Sam I Pirvin Jr. 


Doris W/uoh Betts 


Sam Kamii 


Reynolds Price 


Gertrude Sprague Carraway 


Richard PI. jenret/e 


John Fries Blair 


Wilma Dykeman 


William C. <&. Ida PL Friday 


Frank Borden I lanes Sr. 


William S. Powell 


Maxine Swalin 


Mary D.B.T.& James PL Semans 


Elizabeth X'ann Moore 


■ David Stick 


W. Trent Ragtandjr. 


William McWhorter Cochrane 


W. Dallas Herring 


Emma Neal Morrison- 


■ ■■ John PI ope Frank/ in 


Burke Davis 


. Betty Ray McCain 


iMivrence- b. Ijondon 


Joseph Pi Steel/nan 


Prank Flaw kins Kenan . 


William B. _ Ay cock 


Charles Kuralt 


Fred Chappell 


P1. G. Jones 


Henry F:. <& Shirley Fryt 


Archie K. Davis 


Robert <Z?' Jessie Rae Scot, 


North Carolina Collection 

2009 \ 

James B. / iolshouser J r. 


/. Carlyle. Sitters on. . 


Bland Simpson 


LeRoy T. Walker 

i ' 2011 

Lindsay C. Warren jr. 









no. 50 

This book may be kept out one month unless a recall 
notice is sent to you. It must be brought to the North 
Carolina Collection (in Wilson Library) for renewal. 

Form No. A 369